Teaching the Future Perfect

Today we will focus on the Future Perfect.

Structure

As usual, we will observe the name and understand the structure of this tense.

Since it is a Future tense, we must have WILL or WOULD. Since it is a Perfect tense, we need the helping verb HAVE. After HAVE we must use the third form of the main verb.

     will / would + have + v3

e.g.

     I think we will have covered all the tenses by the end of the year.

     I am very disappointed. I thought we would have covered the tenses by the end of the year, but unfortunately, we did not.

And when do we use the Future Perfect?

Future Perfect is used for an action, or rather a process that will be completed within a certain time in the Future. That is why this tense will be used mainly with time expressions starting with BY: by the end of the week, by november, etc.

If the text is mainly in the Present, we will use will since we are referring to a real Future. If the text is in the Past, we will use would, since we are referring to an unreal Future. It is already part of the Past.

And that’s all for today.  🙂 

Now that we have covered all the tenses, we can move to the Conditionals.

My next post will deal with the Conditionals.

For further explanations, please see:

דקדוק אנגלי לדוברי עברית – עמ’ 73-76

For practice, please see:

The New Language Guidebook and Workbook – p 77- 83.

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